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Alexander Nevsky Lavra.

Excursions 7  i 8

The Holy Trinity Alexander Nevsky Lavra

was built by order of Peter I to commemorate the legendary Neva battle of Alexander, Prince of Novgorod.

In 1723 by order of Peter I the relics of Alexander Nevsky were transferred to the monastery from Vladimir

The official date of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery foundation is deemed to be the date when the first wooden Church of the Annunciation was consecrated, i.e. March 25, 1713. Only two years later the architect D. Trezzini developed the project of the Lavra complex. Since that time, the Orthodox Calendar includes the holiday of the translation of the Relics of the Faithful Saint Prince Alexander.
There are 4 cemeteries in the Lavra. The Emperor's authorization was required to bury a family member in the Lazarev Cemetery (18th c necropolis), which was deemed to be a high-class cemetery. The Tikhvin Cemetery was almost completely destroyed, as soon as in the 20th c it was replaced by necropolis of masters of the art - sculptors, composers, artists are buried here. Both cemeteries are a part of the Museum of Urban Sculpture. The third oldest necropolis of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra is the the Nikolskoe Cemetery, which received this name only after construction of the St. Nicholas the Wonderworker Church in 1868 - 1871, before that it was called Zasobornoe ("Behind the Cathedral"). In the 19th c it was one of the most expensive ones. During the Revolution a new cemetery appeared, where cossacks were buried.

 7  i 8 all rights reserved SLK-tour 2004 ®